Drops come in all shapes and sizes. Rocks, roots, human built wood features and natural elevation changes all create drops ranging from the size of a curb to the size of a building. When ridden correctly, drops are Fun-with-a-capital-F. However, before you start sending yourself off the biggest drop you can find, it’s important to understand some basic concepts and get your drop technique dialed.
There are multiple techniques for riding a drop and with no standard mountain biking dictionary, you’ve likely heard these different drop styles called multiple different names: the squash, basic form, down/back, huck, whip, racer style, stomp n’ send, (pre)-load n’ explode. Phew, that’s a lot of names.
In this article we are going to focus specifically on technique that we call the “Down/Back Technique”. We’ve also heard this method referred to as a “Basic Drop” or “Manual Style”. The Down/Back Technique is an important foundational technique to have in your riding tool belt! With that, let’s get to dropping…
1. Scout It Out
Take note of the condition of the drop – this includes any rocks, roots or logs. How steep is it? What does the landing look like? What are the consequences of overshooting or undershoot the landing?
When you first start riding drops, you may want to get off your bike to investigate a drop before “sending it”. This will help you to gather important information about setting your speed, anything you need to prepare for in the landing area, etc. Start small, say 1-2 ft, and build up from there.
Roll up to the drop at the correct speed – which you will have already determined in step 1 after scouting out the drop. Knowing the correct speed for a drop takes time and (progressive) practice. If you are going too slow, your front wheel will dive as soon as it rolls off the edge and could toss you over the bars. Too fast and you might overshoot the landing. We don’t want either of those so be sure you approach at the right speed. If you aren’t sure on the speed, watch another rider first or maybe have a (reliable) buddy who has ridden the drop before “tow” you in to help you set the correct speed.
3. Down + Back
The next two movements, down and back, are done quickly in rapid succession. This explosion down and back will create an L shaped movement. The goal of this movement is to keep your front wheel level with the take off until the back wheel leaves the drop (ramp, rock, root). This will prevent your wheel (and you) from dropping down nose first (thanks gravity!).
First, drop DOWN into your ready position as your front wheel approached the edge of the drop. This means:
Center your weight over your pedals (think heavy feet) and keep your hands light. Relax your grip on the handlebars.
Bend your knees.
Keep your arms bent and relaxed.
Get your “trunk” low and centered.
Eyes up and looking ahead at the landing
Just as your front wheel reaches the edge, shoot your hips straight back, lightly hanging off the handlebars. Your arms should straighten and you should not be pulling back on the bars.
This down + back L shaped movement is similar to the movement used to initiate a manual (but you don’t need to be able to ride a manual to successfully hit a drop with this technique). Be sure to note that going diagonally back in one motion, rather than dropping straight down and then back in two distinct motions, will not have the same results!
If you are new to riding drops, before you hit the trail, we recommend practicing the down-back “manual” motion in a flat open area. You should be able to get your front wheel to lift off the ground by hanging back for a second. Get your body used to this movement and then take it to the drops
Re-center your weight as soon as the rear wheel leaves the drop. This will put you in a position that allows you to use your handlebars and arms to match your bike to the angle of the landing. Utilize the “suspension” in your arms to push the bike down to meet the landing.
If you don’t re-center and you land too far back on the bike, your front wheel will start to loose traction and you loose the ability to control the front of the bike.
The slower you ride the drop, the more explosive your down/back movement will need to be. When riding slower, it will take longer for your rear wheel to reach the edge of the drop, which means you will need to keep that front wheel up for slightly longer. A faster drop will require less of a shift back because the rear wheel will reach the end of the drop faster. You may find that doing drops at a higher speed can be easier, but that doesn’t mean all drops are meant to be ridden at high speed so take your time to walk through the steps above to find drop success!
5. Keep it Quiet and Smooth
Your landing should be quiet and smooth. Prepare your legs to soak up the landing (remember, your legs are another form of suspension on the bike – put them to work). Maintain a slight bend in the knees so you can take up the landing.
If you are landing on descending ground, you want to land front wheel first (OR, both wheels at the exact same time). On a descending landing, do you not want to land rear wheel first as you will likely get whiplash as you front wheels slams down.
Another thing to consider- keep the landing quiet! If you’ve ever watched an advanced rider hit a big drop – they make it look so smooth and easy AND they land quietly. No big thud. No jerky motions. No whiplash.
Here is a easy exercise you can do to help your body and mind understand what a “quiet” landing feels like. Without your bike, jump straight up and down and try to land as LOUD as possible. Then do that same thing again, this time trying to land as QUIETLY as possible. Can you hear (or see) the difference? What are you doing differently with your landing? On the “quiet” landing, you should be gently soaking up the jump with your legs. You want to do the same thing on a drop!
6. Roll Out
As you land, return to your ready position with your body centered and your eyes looking up and ahead. Quickly returning this position will set you up to safely tackle whatever obstacles come up next.
Thanks to Instructor Jeremiah “Scratch” Stone for showing us how it’s done in these photos!
Had a great class Oct 11. Kris and Richard were very helpful and knowledgeable. They made things fun and easy...
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Had a great class Oct 11. Kris and Richard were very helpful and knowledgeable. They made things fun and easy going, even while rolling you off the the lunch table bench. Came away with a bit more confidence which I have already put into practice. I really appreciated the review of what was covered in the class in the follow up email. Looking forward to taking the Jan intermediate class at Balboa, hopefully it will be up for registering soon. In the mean time I have a lot to work on. ~Linda Peterson
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My adult son and I participated in the "Fundamentals" camp on Saturday at Hildebrand Ranch in Denver, Colorado. We were...
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My adult son and I participated in the "Fundamentals" camp on Saturday at Hildebrand Ranch in Denver, Colorado. We were both very pleased with the clinic and would highly recommend it to anyone who has recently started riding full suspension mountain bikes. We have already been back out on the single-track trails practicing what we learned in the clinic. Aaron and Richard did a great job breaking down all the fundamentals and honestly amazed at the impact on my riding. Still have a lot to work on but if I follow the instructions I can improve my riding. We are both scheduled to attend a two day clinic in Santa Fe with Richard and looking forward to taking our riding to the next level. If you want to improve your skills, don't hesitate to sign up for the next skills clinic in your area. ~Dan Mitchell
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I had a great time at a 3 day camp in Big Bear, CA and my brain is still swelling...
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I had a great time at a 3 day camp in Big Bear, CA and my brain is still swelling with knowledge one month later. Not knowing what to expect, I was pleased with the professionalism and detail that Richard and his team brought to camp. They not only take the time to teach you great MTB skills, but when and why you should use them. They begin with the fundamentals skills and reinforce those skills throughout the camp, which I found quite helpful. The skills progress quickly and we covered a lot of ground in three days. I was able to do a few skills I had never really tried before by the end of camp. I recommend highly and plan to attend another camp in the future. ~Joey W.
I'm a road Triathlete that lucked into a XTERRA World Championship slot via the lottery last year. Being a road...
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I'm a road Triathlete that lucked into a XTERRA World Championship slot via the lottery last year. Being a road triathlete, I had very little experience and no technical skills on a mountain bike. I took the Ninja beginner and then intermediate classes almost back to back. Richard is a great teacher, and taught the sequential skills that matter most. He does a great job of "breaking things down" with the what and the why, and illustrates the information well with his demonstrations, all the while, delivering it with a sense of humor and enthusiasm. Richard's instruction helped me successfully get through a very technical course in Maui without major injury! Yea, thank you Richard!!. Whether a complete beginner or an advanced rider, I promise you can take a lot away from his classes.... and, let's be honest ...Who doesn't want to be a Ninja! ~ Ray S.
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