To really become good at jumping your mountain bike you must first understand the various types of jumps and related terminology. From there, it’s time to understand the what, why and how of jumping. And once you’ve got all that dialed, learn how to apply your new understanding of jumping mechanics to all the different types of jump features you might encounter on a trail. Learning how to jump isn’t a straightforward journey – it’s takes time, practice, and a good guide. That’s where we come into play. Let’s get started.
The following illustration breaks down the parts and types of jumps you may encounter on your local trails or bike park. Get familiar with the terminology!
Next, let’s break down the what, why and how to put it all together into 8 steps. The end goal will look like this (see: the human, not the dog).
1. Inspect and Visualize
Prior to attempting the jump, get off your bike and inspect the jump and the landing. Figure out the best angle for approach and exactly where you’d like to land your bike. Then, visualize yourself successfully completing the jump. A simple rule that will keep you safe: if you can’t visualize yourself successfully completing the jump, don’t jump it. Perhaps the jump is too big? Or the face is too steep, or you’re unsure of the landing? Skip it and work on jumps you feel more comfortable with – then work your way up to the more difficult jumps.
Once you’ve visualized yourself jumping successfully and have determined the best line, it’s time to jump.
2. Get Ready
Ride towards the jump in a high ready position on the bike. Stay focused, present, and positive–a little positive self-talk is a great idea here. Once you reach the point of commitment (your last opportunity for bail-out), stop pedaling and raise up a little — relax.
Next, as you transition down into your ready position, compress your bike with the goal of your compression ending on the face of the jump. Ideally, this should be a short / powerful compression initiated with your feet — think STOMP. Your elbows should be out and your knees bent.
Your compression (stomp) will result in an equal and opposite explosion / rebound thrusting your bike into the air. Let your bike fly! Be as light as you can at this point and allow the bike to rise into the air. If your compression timing is correct, you will sail right over your jump.
Pro Tip: You can clear a gap/table using speed and/or COMPRESSION. Just because you are clearing a table with speed, doesn’t mean you’ve got the compression right. Slow down and try to clear the jump with compression (rather than speed).
Perfect the timing – figuring out when to compress can be challenging. Start by rolling the jump the feel when the bike naturally compresses – mentally mark that spot- and then focus on compressing then. Don’t pull up on the bike, rise up with your bike!
The biggest mistakes we see riders make when trying to jump is the lack of compression on the take-off (face) of the jump. If you don’t compress your bike will behave very similarly to a rock. Gravity will get the best of you (and your bike) and you will promptly get pulled back down to earth a la Newton’s apple. So stomp down on those pedals like you mean it. Get aggressive. Grrrr.
Note: You don’t need suspension on your bike to compress it — compressing is merely the action of stomping your feet quickly.
4. Take Off — Go for height!
Once you’ve got the hang of you timing and are clearing the gap / table, try putting a small object such as a few sticks piled up to practice clearance. More compression = more height!
Once you’re flying, relax and resume your ready position and keep looking forward to your intended landing spot. Push your bike down onto your desired landing spot to increase. Your arms and legs are your primary suspension when landing so keep them relaxed enough to absorb the impact, but sturdy enough so that you don’t lose control of your bike.
Where you land is up to you — jumping and hoping you land where you’d like to land is a risky proposition. When you’re flying, look down and spot your landing. Tell that front wheel where you want it to go – set a target (“x”), extend your arm pushing your front wheel down and try to hit it.
If the jump has a descending landing, land on your front wheel right before your rear wheel. This will give you more directional control and smooth out the landing. If you land rear wheel first on a descending landing, the front of the bike is likely to pivot forward and slam the ground thus thrusting your weight abruptly forward and potentially over the front of the bike.
If your landing is flat, land with your rear wheel first. Landing on flat surfaces is more abrupt than landing on a descending landing. Landing on your rear wheel first allows you to use your legs to absorb the majority of the landing force. Relying on your suspension solely tends to cause a hard landing and a potential for loss of traction.
Land light! Practice landing light like a feather.
6. Roll Out
As you touch-down and resume your ready position, bring your head and eyes up looking down the trail.
You’ll find that if you add more speed and more compression, you’ll fly higher and further. It’ll take some time to calibrate your brain, body and bike to take off and land precisely as you intend. Experiment with controlling your landing – rear wheel first, front wheel first, both wheels and then play with your distance and height.
Table-top jumps are the most forgiving and one of the best places to take your jumping skills to the next level. If you short a table-top (don’t make the landing), there isn’t much of a consequence, just land on the ‘top’ of the jump. Unlike a double where you have to make the landing spot or you risk casing your bike.
Try applying these skills to different types of jumps (gaps, doubles, steep face, steep landing, flat landing etc.). Make a note of how your compression and/or speed varies depending on the feature.
As your confidence (and skill) increases, pick bigger obstacles, going up and downhill while jumping, experiment with your air-time and HAVE FUN! If you’d like to learn more and practice jumping in a safe, controlled environment with real-time feedback, join us for a Jumping Fundamentals Mini-clinic.
The Guru’s #1 passion is taking bike skills and breaking them down into tangible, progressive steps. Is there a skill you just can’t master? A maneuver you don’t understand? A fear you can’t seem to get past? Turn to the Guru! The Ninja Skills Guru has spent years riding bikes and carefully breaking down riding skills into easy digestible steps so you can tackle the trail with confidence. Yup, the guru is that friend who doesn’t talk about anything but bikes!
Had a great class Oct 11. Kris and Richard were very helpful and knowledgeable. They made things fun and easy...
Had a great class Oct 11. Kris and Richard were very helpful and knowledgeable. They made things fun and easy going, even while rolling you off the the lunch table bench. Came away with a bit more confidence which I have already put into practice. I really appreciated the review of what was covered in the class in the follow up email. Looking forward to taking the Jan intermediate class at Balboa, hopefully it will be up for registering soon. In the mean time I have a lot to work on. ~Linda Peterson
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My adult son and I participated in the "Fundamentals" camp on Saturday at Hildebrand Ranch in Denver, Colorado. We were...
My adult son and I participated in the "Fundamentals" camp on Saturday at Hildebrand Ranch in Denver, Colorado. We were both very pleased with the clinic and would highly recommend it to anyone who has recently started riding full suspension mountain bikes. We have already been back out on the single-track trails practicing what we learned in the clinic. Aaron and Richard did a great job breaking down all the fundamentals and honestly amazed at the impact on my riding. Still have a lot to work on but if I follow the instructions I can improve my riding. We are both scheduled to attend a two day clinic in Santa Fe with Richard and looking forward to taking our riding to the next level. If you want to improve your skills, don't hesitate to sign up for the next skills clinic in your area. ~Dan Mitchell
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I had a great time at a 3 day camp in Big Bear, CA and my brain is still swelling...
I had a great time at a 3 day camp in Big Bear, CA and my brain is still swelling with knowledge one month later. Not knowing what to expect, I was pleased with the professionalism and detail that Richard and his team brought to camp. They not only take the time to teach you great MTB skills, but when and why you should use them. They begin with the fundamentals skills and reinforce those skills throughout the camp, which I found quite helpful. The skills progress quickly and we covered a lot of ground in three days. I was able to do a few skills I had never really tried before by the end of camp. I recommend highly and plan to attend another camp in the future. ~Joey W.
I'm a road Triathlete that lucked into a XTERRA World Championship slot via the lottery last year. Being a road...
I'm a road Triathlete that lucked into a XTERRA World Championship slot via the lottery last year. Being a road triathlete, I had very little experience and no technical skills on a mountain bike. I took the Ninja beginner and then intermediate classes almost back to back. Richard is a great teacher, and taught the sequential skills that matter most. He does a great job of "breaking things down" with the what and the why, and illustrates the information well with his demonstrations, all the while, delivering it with a sense of humor and enthusiasm. Richard's instruction helped me successfully get through a very technical course in Maui without major injury! Yea, thank you Richard!!. Whether a complete beginner or an advanced rider, I promise you can take a lot away from his classes.... and, let's be honest ...Who doesn't want to be a Ninja! ~ Ray S.
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